Dyslexia and Reading Problems

April 25th, 2014 | SNFC

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Dyslexia occurs when the brain does not recognize and comprehend letters or phrases.

Undiagnosed dyslexia is a primary cause of illiteracy. Detecting early signs can be fundamental for future success and achievement.

Many children when learning how to read and write, however, Developmental Reading Disorder, also commonly referred to as Dyslexia, occurs when the brain does not recognize and comprehend letters or phrases. This includes difficulty with the alphabet, reading, writing, and spelling. However, characteristics can vary from person to person. While reading problems are sometimes mistakenly attributed to vision problems, the disorder is related to the individual’s information processing center.

Symptoms of DRD may include:

Difficulty determining the meaning (idea content) of a simple sentence.
Difficulty learning to recognize written words.
Difficulty rhyming.
Difficulty forming letters.
Difficulty expressing clear ideas verbally.
Can also involve difficulty recognizing math symbols or memorizing math formulas.

It is also important to note that there are three fundamental types of Dyslexia:

1. Motor in which the individual may show difficulty remembering how to do the movements needed for writing. For example: The student will write b instead of d.

2. Auditory which affects the ability to sound off, syllabicate, pronounce, or distinguish sounds of unfamiliar words. For example: The student reads house instead of home.

3. Visual which involves a deficit in the ability to recognize whole words by sight and match them to whole-word sounds. For example: The student reads ball instead of bell or the student writes enuf instead of enough.

Most individuals with Developmental Reading Disorder have normal to above average intelligence, but due to the stress related to school performance, reading aloud, and pressure from teachers and parents, DRD can cause low self-esteem, poor academic achievement, and emotional frustration which can lead to potential behavioural problems. Early intervention and extra assistance are recommended.

For more information, please contact the SNFC.

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